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Mint 13 Xfce: After First Boot Configuration
Previous Documents: (what this will replace – once this is fully written)
Initial Hardware Check & Configure
Internet Services Configuration
Linux Mint uses .deb files to install packages and updates. So for any location that uses multiple Linux computers, downloading these .deb files once, then storing them locally on the network, can make a tremendous difference to how fast installing programs or doing updates happens. (Only the 1st computer has to waaait for the needed .deb files to download from the Internet.)
“issue” in any 12.04LTS Linux can sometimes cause an Internet connection that is connected, but not working properly– because it cannot translate the site name into the numeric address used on the Internet. This problem often occurs when going about and using different WiFi networks.
Install the DNS
/ WiFi Internet fix
sudo dpkg-reconfigure resolvconf
answer “yes” to the 1st question …
answer “no” to the 2nd question …
click on “ok” for the “need to reboot” message
Software Sources & Updates
GIMP 2.8 was the first version to offer “Single Window Mode” … which places all the parts of GIMP into a single window – in the manner that many other Paint Programs are setup – instead of having many windows open for the different parts of the GIMP program.
LibreOffice 4.2 provides drastically better compatibility with things like Microsoft Office … so I also consider it a “must have” program for using Linux.
Linux does NOT have the same “Rollback Drivers” capability of other Operating Systems such as Windows. So if a Proprietary Video Driver “fails spectacularly” – that can leave Linux Mint with no video at all on the display.
If that happens, it can actually be simpler to “start over & reload Linux”. Or an experienced user can use a Live Boot DVD/USB – to then use text commands to set the video driver back to something that worked.
Proprietary Video Drivers (drivers provided by the manufacture) are often needed to get acceptable performance on older ATI® or NVIDIA® Video Cards. (Hopefully an older card has a Proprietary Driver available.) For the above reason, any drivers should be tried as early in the load process as possible.
Also, if something like a phoneline Fax Modem will not be used, then I would suggest not loading any Proprietary Driver for that “unused” hardware.
Language / Graphical / Display Configuration
Programs like LibreOffice use the Linux (operating system) language support for things like the dictionary. So when “Canadian English” is not installed by default, spell checking in LibreOffice does not work, etc..
There have been times that the “Mint Flash Plugin” has not been updated promptly, so FireFox complained about an out-of-date plugin for several weeks. To resolve that, and to prevent any future problems with Flash, I now use the “generic Ubuntu 12.04” plugin.
Supposedly, Linux Mint loads so quickly (on current hardware) that you should not need a “loading” indicator. So to speed things up a little bit more, they set the default for that to “none”. Since I am refurbishing older equipment, I set this back to using the “Mint Logo” loading indicator.
XScreenSaver is an older Linux package, that is now causing problems. For example, I have seen Skype present a pop-up – to answer or decline a call – and when the mouse is move, the screensaver going away also takes away the pop-up … so the Skype call now cannot be answered. XScreenSaver apparently also prevents having multiple user accounts logged into the computer at the same time.
My answer to all of this is to “uninstall the pretty pictures” (XScreenSaver), and going back to letting the power management just blank the screen when desired.
To get the graphical Power Management utility to do that in the expected manner, it is also necessary to edit a configuration file after XScreenSaver has been uninstalled. (Otherwise OS
defaults of 10 to 15 min. are used.)
sudo nano /Fix_Xfce_Desktop.sh # copy/paste the following into this empty file
# Fix the Xfce 4.10 Desktop "Behaves Badly"
sudo chmod +x /Fix_Xfce_Desktop.sh