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kb:linux:mint13xfceafter1stboot [2014/06/19 22:14]
Allen Smith + small "as loading" edits
kb:linux:mint13xfceafter1stboot [2014/08/13 17:08]
Allen Smith several small edits
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 ====== Mint 13 Xfce: After First Boot Configuration ====== ====== Mint 13 Xfce: After First Boot Configuration ======
-This page contains **Summary Notes** that I would use when going over how I load Mint 13 Xfce with someone else. 
 {{INLINETOC}} {{INLINETOC}}
 +===== Install Notes Context =====
 +This page contains **Summary Notes** that I would use when going over how I load Mint 13 Xfce with someone else. If a system is **7 to 10 years old**, then these notes cover how I would probably go about loading Linux onto that equipment.
 +
 +These notes are rather extensive, because the more I worked with Mint 13 Xfce, the more I found that I needed to configure-- to make this version of Linux something I would hand over to a novice user. To be blunt, I consider Mint 13 Xfce to be a "best compromise"​ ... where it was the best 12.04 LTS Linux based distribution that I could find to refurbish **really old** hardware-- and turn that into a system that was actually usable for home, school or home-office type uses.
 +
 +That using this, even a 3.0GHz P4D computer with 2GB of RAM and an 80GB Hard Drive becomes a system I would use for my own daily needs. And if a really old (P4 era) laptop has "sound issues"​-- or some other old hardware related difficulties-- this is the version of Linux that I can usually use to get that system to reliably "just work".
 +
 +As the page title makes known, these instructions are everything I go through **after** the Linux Mint 13 Xfce installer has run, and the system has rebooted at the end of that-- to run this OS for the first time.
 +
 ===== Initial Hardware Check & Configure ===== ===== Initial Hardware Check & Configure =====
   * The "quick check" that the Hard Drive is good only works properly after the 1st boot   * The "quick check" that the Hard Drive is good only works properly after the 1st boot
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   * Set more reasonable Swap File usage   * Set more reasonable Swap File usage
-  * <​code>​sudo ​nano  /​etc/​sysctl.conf ​   # copy/past below into bottom of file</​code><​file>​+  * <​code>​sudo ​apt-get install gksu leafpad ​   # used to make text file editing easy 
 +gksu leafpad ​ /​etc/​sysctl.conf ​   # copy/past below into bottom of file</​code><​file>​
 # Decrease swap usage to a reasonable level # Decrease swap usage to a reasonable level
 vm.swappiness=10 vm.swappiness=10
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 ===== Network Services Configuration ===== ===== Network Services Configuration =====
 <​note>​Linux Mint uses **.deb** files to install packages and updates. So for any location that uses multiple Linux computers, downloading these .deb files once, then storing them locally on the network, can make a tremendous difference to how fast installing programs or doing updates happens. (Only the 1st computer has to waaait for the needed .deb files to download from the Internet.)</​note>​ <​note>​Linux Mint uses **.deb** files to install packages and updates. So for any location that uses multiple Linux computers, downloading these .deb files once, then storing them locally on the network, can make a tremendous difference to how fast installing programs or doing updates happens. (Only the 1st computer has to waaait for the needed .deb files to download from the Internet.)</​note>​
-  * enable using a squid-deb-proxy server -- **if** there is one on the local network+  * enable using a [[kb:​linux:​squiddebproxy | squid-deb-proxy]] server -- **if** there is one on the local network
   * <​code>​sudo apt-get install squid-deb-proxy-client</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo apt-get install squid-deb-proxy-client</​code>​
     * Make certain "​**-client**"​ is at the end of the above command! (Don't install a 2nd .deb server!)     * Make certain "​**-client**"​ is at the end of the above command! (Don't install a 2nd .deb server!)
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     * Settings >> Software Sources >> Other Software     * Settings >> Software Sources >> Other Software
       * select then Remove the ''​packages.medibuntu.org''​ Software Source       * select then Remove the ''​packages.medibuntu.org''​ Software Source
-<​note>​GIMP 2.8 was the first version to offer "​Single Window Mode" ... which places all the parts of GIMP into a single window -- in the manner that many other Paint Programs are setup -- instead of having many windows open for the different parts of the GIMP program.\\ \\ LibreOffice 4.provides **drastically better compatibility** with things like Microsoft Office ... so I also consider it a "must have" program for using Linux.</​note>​ +<​note>​GIMP 2.8 was the first version to offer "​Single Window Mode" ... which places all the parts of GIMP into a single window -- in the manner that many other Paint Programs are setup -- instead of having many windows open for the different parts of the GIMP program.\\ \\ LibreOffice 4.provides **drastically better compatibility** with things like Microsoft Office ... so I also consider it a "must have" program for using Linux.</​note>​ 
-  * Use the appropriate PPA's to update GIMP and LibreOffice to the current version. (GIMP 2.8 & LibreOffice 4.2)+  * Use the appropriate PPA's to update GIMP and LibreOffice to the current version. (GIMP 2.8 & LibreOffice 4.3)
   * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​otto-kesselgulasch/​gimp</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​otto-kesselgulasch/​gimp</​code>​
-  * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​libreoffice/​libreoffice-4-2</​code>​+  * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​libreoffice/​libreoffice-4-3</​code>​
  
-  * Now command Linux Mint to use the about the above changes to the Software Sources+  * Now command Linux Mint to use the above changes to the Software Sources
   * <​code>​sudo apt-get update</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo apt-get update</​code>​
  
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     * click ”Ok” to any additional changes pop-ups     * click ”Ok” to any additional changes pop-ups
     * click ”Replace” to any “Replace configuration file” pop-ups     * click ”Replace” to any “Replace configuration file” pop-ups
-  * Now set this to check for updates **only once per day**! +  ​* When the updates finish, the shield icon should have a Green Check, and Updates must be re-opened to run the below. 
-    * top of window menu >> Edit >> Preferences >> Auto-Refresh+  ​* Now set the Update Manager ​to check for updates **only once per day**! 
 +    * top of window menu >> ​"Edit" ​>> ​"Preferences" ​>> ​the "Auto-Refresh" tab
       * Change the time interval from 15 min. to 1 day       * Change the time interval from 15 min. to 1 day
 <note warning> <note warning>
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   * <​code>​sudo apt-get remove xscreensaver xscreensaver-data</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo apt-get remove xscreensaver xscreensaver-data</​code>​
   * Edit the configuration file, so Power Management works as expected   * Edit the configuration file, so Power Management works as expected
-  * <​code>​sudo nano /​etc/​X11/​xorg.conf ​   # copy/paste the below text into bottom of file</​code><​file>​Section "​ServerFlags"​+  * <​code>​gksu leafpad ​/​etc/​X11/​xorg.conf ​   # copy/paste the below text into bottom of file</​code><​file>​Section "​ServerFlags"​
  Option "​BlankTime" ​  "​0"​  Option "​BlankTime" ​  "​0"​
  Option "​StandbyTime"​ "​0"​  Option "​StandbyTime"​ "​0"​
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 <​note>​[[kb:​linux:​mint13breifings#​when_the_xfce_desktop_behaves_badly | When the Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"​]]\\ The Xfce Desktop used by Mint 13 apparently has an obscure bug that will occasionally cause the Desktop to mess up or “behave badly” ...</​note>​ <​note>​[[kb:​linux:​mint13breifings#​when_the_xfce_desktop_behaves_badly | When the Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"​]]\\ The Xfce Desktop used by Mint 13 apparently has an obscure bug that will occasionally cause the Desktop to mess up or “behave badly” ...</​note>​
   * Create a script to make it easy to fix Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"   * Create a script to make it easy to fix Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"
-  * <​code>​sudo nano /​Fix_Xfce_Desktop.sh ​   # copy/paste the following into this empty file</​code><​file>​+  * <​code>​gksu leafpad ​/​Fix_Xfce_Desktop.sh ​   # copy/paste the following into this empty file</​code><​file>​
 #!/bin/bash #!/bin/bash
 # Fix the Xfce 4.10 Desktop "​Behaves Badly" # Fix the Xfce 4.10 Desktop "​Behaves Badly"
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       * in Downloads right-click the .deb file >> use GDebi Package Installer >> Install this package       * in Downloads right-click the .deb file >> use GDebi Package Installer >> Install this package
     * run Chrome → UNCHECK Make Google Chrome default browser → Start Chrome     * run Chrome → UNCHECK Make Google Chrome default browser → Start Chrome
-    * run Chrome again → Don't ask again → skip for now+    * run Chrome again → select "Don't ask again" button ​→ "No thanks"​ link (below sign-in box to the left)
   * download the correct .deb file & install the "​Google Voice and Video Chat" Plugin   * download the correct .deb file & install the "​Google Voice and Video Chat" Plugin
     * IF Firefox was left open on the above download page, a Google Hangouts page should come up once installed.     * IF Firefox was left open on the above download page, a Google Hangouts page should come up once installed.
kb/linux/mint13xfceafter1stboot.txt · Last modified: 2016/01/13 20:35 (external edit)