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kb:linux:mint13xfceafter1stboot [2014/06/19 19:29]
Allen Smith finished 1st draft of this, so remove "Previous Documents:"
kb:linux:mint13xfceafter1stboot [2014/08/13 17:08]
Allen Smith several small edits
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 ====== Mint 13 Xfce: After First Boot Configuration ====== ====== Mint 13 Xfce: After First Boot Configuration ======
 {{INLINETOC}} {{INLINETOC}}
 +===== Install Notes Context =====
 +This page contains **Summary Notes** that I would use when going over how I load Mint 13 Xfce with someone else. If a system is **7 to 10 years old**, then these notes cover how I would probably go about loading Linux onto that equipment.
 +
 +These notes are rather extensive, because the more I worked with Mint 13 Xfce, the more I found that I needed to configure-- to make this version of Linux something I would hand over to a novice user. To be blunt, I consider Mint 13 Xfce to be a "best compromise"​ ... where it was the best 12.04 LTS Linux based distribution that I could find to refurbish **really old** hardware-- and turn that into a system that was actually usable for home, school or home-office type uses.
 +
 +That using this, even a 3.0GHz P4D computer with 2GB of RAM and an 80GB Hard Drive becomes a system I would use for my own daily needs. And if a really old (P4 era) laptop has "sound issues"​-- or some other old hardware related difficulties-- this is the version of Linux that I can usually use to get that system to reliably "just work".
 +
 +As the page title makes known, these instructions are everything I go through **after** the Linux Mint 13 Xfce installer has run, and the system has rebooted at the end of that-- to run this OS for the first time.
 +
 ===== Initial Hardware Check & Configure ===== ===== Initial Hardware Check & Configure =====
   * The "quick check" that the Hard Drive is good only works properly after the 1st boot   * The "quick check" that the Hard Drive is good only works properly after the 1st boot
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   * The Mouse/​Touchpad also needs to be configured to work in a more reasonable manner.   * The Mouse/​Touchpad also needs to be configured to work in a more reasonable manner.
     * Settings >> Mouse and Touchpad >> Behavior → Increase Double Click Time to 350ms     * Settings >> Mouse and Touchpad >> Behavior → Increase Double Click Time to 350ms
-    ​* Settings >> Settings Editor >> xfwm4 → mousewheel-rollup ​>> double-click >> toggle to FALSE+      * TIP: Just click on the right side of the slider to increase the value by 100ms 
 +    ​* Settings >> Settings Editor >> xfwm4 → mousewheel_rollup ​>> double-click >> toggle to FALSE 
 +      * double-click on the text ''​mousewheel_rollup''​ to get the "Edit Property"​ pop-up 
 +      * Then click once on "​TRUE"​ to toggle the value to "​FALSE"​ (then click the "​Save"​ button)
  
   * Set more reasonable Swap File usage   * Set more reasonable Swap File usage
-  * <​code>​sudo ​nano  /​etc/​sysctl.conf ​   # copy/past below into bottom of file</​code><​file>​+  * <​code>​sudo ​apt-get install gksu leafpad ​   # used to make text file editing easy 
 +gksu leafpad ​ /​etc/​sysctl.conf ​   # copy/past below into bottom of file</​code><​file>​
 # Decrease swap usage to a reasonable level # Decrease swap usage to a reasonable level
 vm.swappiness=10 vm.swappiness=10
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 </​file>​ </​file>​
  
-===== Internet ​Services Configuration =====+===== Network ​Services Configuration =====
 <​note>​Linux Mint uses **.deb** files to install packages and updates. So for any location that uses multiple Linux computers, downloading these .deb files once, then storing them locally on the network, can make a tremendous difference to how fast installing programs or doing updates happens. (Only the 1st computer has to waaait for the needed .deb files to download from the Internet.)</​note>​ <​note>​Linux Mint uses **.deb** files to install packages and updates. So for any location that uses multiple Linux computers, downloading these .deb files once, then storing them locally on the network, can make a tremendous difference to how fast installing programs or doing updates happens. (Only the 1st computer has to waaait for the needed .deb files to download from the Internet.)</​note>​
-  * enable using a squid-deb-proxy server -- **if** there is one on the local network+  * enable using a [[kb:​linux:​squiddebproxy | squid-deb-proxy]] server -- **if** there is one on the local network
   * <​code>​sudo apt-get install squid-deb-proxy-client</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo apt-get install squid-deb-proxy-client</​code>​
     * Make certain "​**-client**"​ is at the end of the above command! (Don't install a 2nd .deb server!)     * Make certain "​**-client**"​ is at the end of the above command! (Don't install a 2nd .deb server!)
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   * Install the DNS / WiFi Internet fix   * Install the DNS / WiFi Internet fix
   *  <​code>​sudo dpkg-reconfigure resolvconf</​code>​   *  <​code>​sudo dpkg-reconfigure resolvconf</​code>​
-    * answer “yes” to the 1st question ...  +    * answer “**Yes**” to the 1st question ... "​Prepare /​etc/​resolv.conf for dynamic updates?"​ 
-    * answer “no” to the 2nd question ...  +    * answer “**No**” to the 2nd question ... "​Append original file to dynamic file?" 
-    * click on ok” for the "need to reboot"​ message+    * press Enter for **Ok**” to the "need to reboot"​ message
 RESTART SYSTEM RESTART SYSTEM
  
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     * Settings >> Software Sources >> Other Software     * Settings >> Software Sources >> Other Software
       * select then Remove the ''​packages.medibuntu.org''​ Software Source       * select then Remove the ''​packages.medibuntu.org''​ Software Source
-<​note>​GIMP 2.8 was the first version to offer "​Single Window Mode" ... which places all the parts of GIMP into a single window -- in the manner that many other Paint Programs are setup -- instead of having many windows open for the different parts of the GIMP program.\\ \\ LibreOffice 4.provides **drastically better compatibility** with things like Microsoft Office ... so I also consider it a "must have" program for using Linux.</​note>​ +<​note>​GIMP 2.8 was the first version to offer "​Single Window Mode" ... which places all the parts of GIMP into a single window -- in the manner that many other Paint Programs are setup -- instead of having many windows open for the different parts of the GIMP program.\\ \\ LibreOffice 4.provides **drastically better compatibility** with things like Microsoft Office ... so I also consider it a "must have" program for using Linux.</​note>​ 
-  * Use the appropriate PPA's to update GIMP and LibreOffice to the current version. (GIMP 2.8 & LibreOffice 4.2)+  * Use the appropriate PPA's to update GIMP and LibreOffice to the current version. (GIMP 2.8 & LibreOffice 4.3)
   * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​otto-kesselgulasch/​gimp</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​otto-kesselgulasch/​gimp</​code>​
-  * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​libreoffice/​libreoffice-4-2</​code>​+  * <​code>​sudo add-apt-repository ppa:​libreoffice/​libreoffice-4-3</​code>​
  
-  * Now command Linux Mint to use the about the above changes to the Software Sources+  * Now command Linux Mint to use the above changes to the Software Sources
   * <​code>​sudo apt-get update</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo apt-get update</​code>​
  
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     * click ”Ok” to any additional changes pop-ups     * click ”Ok” to any additional changes pop-ups
     * click ”Replace” to any “Replace configuration file” pop-ups     * click ”Replace” to any “Replace configuration file” pop-ups
 +  * When the updates finish, the shield icon should have a Green Check, and Updates must be re-opened to run the below.
 +  * Now set the Update Manager to check for updates **only once per day**!
 +    * top of window menu >> "​Edit"​ >> "​Preferences"​ >> the "​Auto-Refresh"​ tab
 +      * Change the time interval from 15 min. to 1 day
 <note warning> <note warning>
 Linux does **NOT** have the same "​Rollback Drivers"​ capability of other Operating Systems such as Windows. So if a Proprietary Video Driver "fails spectacularly"​ -- that can leave Linux Mint with no video at all on the display.\\ \\ If that happens, **it can actually be simpler to "start over & reload Linux"​**. Or an experienced user can use a Live Boot DVD/USB -- to then use text commands to set the video driver back to something that worked. Linux does **NOT** have the same "​Rollback Drivers"​ capability of other Operating Systems such as Windows. So if a Proprietary Video Driver "fails spectacularly"​ -- that can leave Linux Mint with no video at all on the display.\\ \\ If that happens, **it can actually be simpler to "start over & reload Linux"​**. Or an experienced user can use a Live Boot DVD/USB -- to then use text commands to set the video driver back to something that worked.
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   * Install some Xfce Artwork, then some TrueType font packages for Linux   * Install some Xfce Artwork, then some TrueType font packages for Linux
-    ​* sudo apt-get install xubuntu-artwork xfce4-artwork edubuntu-wallpapers +  ​<​code>​sudo apt-get install xubuntu-artwork xfce4-artwork edubuntu-wallpapers</​code>​ 
-    * sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer x-ttcidfont-conf ttf-xfree86-nonfree +  <​code>​sudo apt-get install ttf-mscorefonts-installer x-ttcidfont-conf ttf-xfree86-nonfree</​code>​ 
-      * When asked about /​etc/​apt/​apt.conf.d/​10periodic → press ENTER for No (the default)+    * "​Tab"​ key then "​Enter"​ key ... "​⇐"​ key then "​Enter"​ key ... to accept the Microsoft Fonts legal stuff. 
 +    ​* When asked about /​etc/​apt/​apt.conf.d/​10periodic → press ENTER for No (the default)
  
   * Install the Flash Plugin used by 12.04LTS (in past, took toooo long to get Mint-Flash updates)   * Install the Flash Plugin used by 12.04LTS (in past, took toooo long to get Mint-Flash updates)
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   * Enable seeing a startup screen, if things take a little longer to load.   * Enable seeing a startup screen, if things take a little longer to load.
   * <​code>​sudo update-alternatives --config default.plymouth</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo update-alternatives --config default.plymouth</​code>​
-    * select mint-logo.plymouth (mint logo startup screen)+    * select mint-logo.plymouth (mint logo startup screen) ​← "​1"​ then "​Enter"​ keys
 <​note>​XScreenSaver is an older Linux package, that is now causing problems. For example, I have seen Skype present a pop-up -- to answer or decline a call -- and when the mouse is move, the screensaver going away also takes away the pop-up ... so the Skype call now cannot be answered. XScreenSaver apparently also prevents having multiple user accounts logged into the computer at the same time.\\ \\ My answer to all of this is to "​uninstall the pretty pictures"​ (XScreenSaver),​ and going back to letting the power management just blank the screen when desired.\\ \\ To get the graphical Power Management utility to do that in the expected manner, it is also necessary to edit a configuration file after XScreenSaver has been uninstalled. (Otherwise OS defaults of 10 to 15 min. are used.)</​note>​ <​note>​XScreenSaver is an older Linux package, that is now causing problems. For example, I have seen Skype present a pop-up -- to answer or decline a call -- and when the mouse is move, the screensaver going away also takes away the pop-up ... so the Skype call now cannot be answered. XScreenSaver apparently also prevents having multiple user accounts logged into the computer at the same time.\\ \\ My answer to all of this is to "​uninstall the pretty pictures"​ (XScreenSaver),​ and going back to letting the power management just blank the screen when desired.\\ \\ To get the graphical Power Management utility to do that in the expected manner, it is also necessary to edit a configuration file after XScreenSaver has been uninstalled. (Otherwise OS defaults of 10 to 15 min. are used.)</​note>​
   * Uninstall XScreenSaver   * Uninstall XScreenSaver
   * <​code>​sudo apt-get remove xscreensaver xscreensaver-data</​code>​   * <​code>​sudo apt-get remove xscreensaver xscreensaver-data</​code>​
   * Edit the configuration file, so Power Management works as expected   * Edit the configuration file, so Power Management works as expected
-  * <​code>​sudo nano /​etc/​X11/​xorg.conf ​   # copy/paste the below text into bottom of file</​code><​file>​Section "​ServerFlags"​+  * <​code>​gksu leafpad ​/​etc/​X11/​xorg.conf ​   # copy/paste the below text into bottom of file</​code><​file>​Section "​ServerFlags"​
  Option "​BlankTime" ​  "​0"​  Option "​BlankTime" ​  "​0"​
  Option "​StandbyTime"​ "​0"​  Option "​StandbyTime"​ "​0"​
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  Option "​DontZap"​ "​false"​  Option "​DontZap"​ "​false"​
 EndSection</​file>​ EndSection</​file>​
 +<note warning>​One unintended consequence of uninstalling XScreenSaver is that **the Screen Lock no longer works**. I don't know anyone who actually **needs** a Screen Lock-- and apperantly if needed, something simple (slock?) could be installed. So with the problems XScreenSaver was causing, I consider "​reverting"​ to just the Power Management a "best compromise"​.</​note>​
 <​note>​[[kb:​linux:​mint13breifings#​when_the_xfce_desktop_behaves_badly | When the Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"​]]\\ The Xfce Desktop used by Mint 13 apparently has an obscure bug that will occasionally cause the Desktop to mess up or “behave badly” ...</​note>​ <​note>​[[kb:​linux:​mint13breifings#​when_the_xfce_desktop_behaves_badly | When the Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"​]]\\ The Xfce Desktop used by Mint 13 apparently has an obscure bug that will occasionally cause the Desktop to mess up or “behave badly” ...</​note>​
   * Create a script to make it easy to fix Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"   * Create a script to make it easy to fix Xfce Desktop "​Behaves Badly"
-  * <​code>​sudo nano /​Fix_Xfce_Desktop.sh ​   # copy/paste the following into this empty file</​code><​file>​+  * <​code>​gksu leafpad ​/​Fix_Xfce_Desktop.sh ​   # copy/paste the following into this empty file</​code><​file>​
 #!/bin/bash #!/bin/bash
 # Fix the Xfce 4.10 Desktop "​Behaves Badly" # Fix the Xfce 4.10 Desktop "​Behaves Badly"
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       * in Downloads right-click the .deb file >> use GDebi Package Installer >> Install this package       * in Downloads right-click the .deb file >> use GDebi Package Installer >> Install this package
     * run Chrome → UNCHECK Make Google Chrome default browser → Start Chrome     * run Chrome → UNCHECK Make Google Chrome default browser → Start Chrome
-    * run Chrome again → Don't ask again → skip for now+    * run Chrome again → select "Don't ask again" button ​→ "No thanks"​ link (below sign-in box to the left)
   * download the correct .deb file & install the "​Google Voice and Video Chat" Plugin   * download the correct .deb file & install the "​Google Voice and Video Chat" Plugin
     * IF Firefox was left open on the above download page, a Google Hangouts page should come up once installed.     * IF Firefox was left open on the above download page, a Google Hangouts page should come up once installed.
kb/linux/mint13xfceafter1stboot.txt · Last modified: 2016/01/13 20:35 (external edit)